Punjab or Punj (five) ab (water); the land of five rivers – Jehlum, Chenab, Ravi, Satlej, and Beaas – is the most populous, fertile, and prosperous province of Pakistan accounting for 56% of overall population. It is a land of Pujabis and several other ethnic groups speaking Punjabi and Saraiki as major languages along with several dialects. The province has traditionally been epicenter of Mughal Highway, the Grand Trunk (GT) Road, from Central Asia to the Indian Subcontinent with Lahore as Capital for thousands of years till partition in 1947. Historically it has remained home to various civilizations and dynasties including the Indus Valley Civilization, Aryans, Kushans, Scythians, Greeks, Persians, Arabs, Turks, Ghaznavids, Timurids, Mughals, Afghans, Sikhs, and the British just before the creation of Pakistan. Punjab today is hub of tourist attractions including world heritage sites. Archaeological sites like Taxila, Harrapa; salt range; Ketas Raj Fort; Rohtas Fort; the Mughal architecture; and monuments in South Punjab boasting for architectural deeds adorned with magnificent calligraphic work, colorful enameled mausoleums, expressive palaces, and dedicated shrines, are to name a few.

Map of Punjab